Preliminary results of V-FAST, a phase 1b master trial to investigate CPX-351 combined with targeted agents in newly diagnosed AML
Background: CPX-351 (US: Vyxeos; EU: Vyxeos Liposomal), a dual-drug liposomal encapsulation of daunorubicin and cytarabine in a synergistic 1:5 molar drug ratio, is approved by the US FDA and EMA for adults with newly diagnosed t-AML or AML with myelodysplasia-related changes. Preclinical data suggest CPX-351 may exert synergistic activity when combined with agents such as the BCL-2 inhibitor venetoclax (VEN) or FLT3 inhibitor midostaurin (MIDO).
Methods: V-FAST (Vyxeos – First Phase Assessment With Targeted Agents) is an open-label, multicenter, phase 1b master trial (NCT04075747) to evaluate safety and establish the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of CPX-351 combined with targeted agents in patients (pts) aged 18-75 y with untreated AML who are fit for intensive chemotherapy. The study includes a dose-exploration phase (3+3 design) and subsequent expansion phase. Pts received CPX-351 (dose level 1 for first induction [DL1]: 100 units/m2 on Days 1, 3, and 5) plus VEN (Arm A; DL1: 400 mg on Days 1-14), MIDO (Arm B; DL1: 50 mg BID on Days 8-21), or the IDH2 inhibitor enasidenib ([ENA] Arm C; DL1: 100 mg on Days 8-28) based on mutation testing.
Results: Among 21 pts with available data enrolled by 11/06/20 (24 pts enrolled total; data cut-off: 01/19/21), the median age was 54 y (range: 35, 69). In Arm A (n = 17), 11 (65%) pts had de novo AML, 5 (29%) had an antecedent hematologic disorder (2 [12%] had myelofibrosis), and 2 (12%) had t-AML; 12 (71%) had adverse-risk AML; and 6 (35%) had mutated TP53. In Arms B (n = 3) and C (n = 1), all pts had intermediate-risk de novo AML. DL1 was the RP2D in Arms A and B; the RP2D in Arm C is still under investigation. In Arm A, 1/6 pts in the dose-exploration phase had 2 dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) of grade 4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia that extended beyond 49 days; no DLTs have occurred for Arms B and C. The combinations exhibited manageable safety profiles (Table). Of pts with available response data, complete remission (CR) or CR with incomplete platelet or neutrophil recovery was achieved by 6/14 (43%) pts in Arm A, including 4 (29%) with CR. All pts in Arms B and C achieved CR.
Conclusions: These preliminary results suggest CPX-351 can be combined with VEN and MIDO with manageable toxicities in newly diagnosed AML pts, with DL1 determined to be the RP2D. The study is ongoing and actively enrolling pts; updated results will be presented at the meeting. Clinical trial information: NCT04075747
TEAE, treatment-emergent adverse event.TEAEs in ≥40% of pts overall.
Author(s) and affiliation(s): Vinod Pullarkat, Mark J. Levis, Gabriel N. Mannis, Stephen Anthony Strickland, Tara L. Lin, Stefan Faderl, Divya Chakravarthy, Vijayalakshmi Chandrasekaran, Ronald Cheung, Harry Paul Erba; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center, Duarte, CA; Johns Hopkins Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD; Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, CA; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Nashville, TN; University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS; Jazz Pharmaceuticals, Palo Alto, CA; Jazz Pharmaceuticals, Philadelphia, PA; Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC
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